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Citations & Referencing: Introduction

Creating bibliographies and managing citations can be confusing, but the library has guides and software that can help with this. 

Difference between citing and referencing

Citing: When you refer to another author's work (including ideas, images, figures or words), you must cite that information. Citations should appear in text or as footnotes, depending on your chosen citation style.

Referencing: All cited sources should be listed in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your paper.

Difference between a bibliography and a reference list

A reference list contains only items cited in a paper, while a bibliography sometimes contains additional sources which are not cited. In-text citation styles use a reference list, while footnote styles predominately use a bibliography.


Please contact us for assistance or advice.

The Academic Language and Learning (ALL) Unit can also help with specific advice and instruction.


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