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Citations & Referencing

Creating bibliographies and managing citations can be confusing. The library offers guides and software to help you with this.

Citing and referencing

Citing: When you refer to another author's work you must cite that information to acknowledge ideas, images, figures or words. Citations appear in text, or as footnotes depending upon the citation style you choose.

Referencing: At the end of your paper, you need to list all cited sources in a bibliography or reference list.

What is the difference between a bibliography and a reference list?
A reference list contains only items cited in a paper, while a bibliography sometimes contains additional sources which are not cited. In text citation styles use a reference list, while footnote styles predominately use a bibliography.

Please contact us for assistance or advice.

The Academic Language and Learning (ALL) Unit  can also help with specific advice and instruction.


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